Yangon’s water supply contains high levels of sediment. Much of the urban infrastructure consists of rusted, colonial-era pipes. Therefore, washing and dyeing facilities need to make certain to filter water adequately.
Just as water must be cleaned when entering the factory, water should also be cleaned when exiting. The MGMA supports government initiatives to upgrade (and introduce) sufficient wastewater treatment facilities. Until more public treatment facilities are available, factories bear significant responsibility for ensuring their effluent is free from hazardous chemicals. This is an important issue. Standard CMP or RMG garment factories do not normally pollute local water supplies in a major way, but dyeing and washing facilities can.
In 2014 and 2015 the MGMA has registered several new foreign investments in both washing and dyeing facilities in Yangon.
In the past, the majority of textile washing and dyeing which takes place in Myanmar often occurs near Mandalay at small factories and workshops. Those facilities are almost exclusively focused on garment production for the local market, most of them involved in longyi production. Also, those facilities lack the economies of scale and industrial capacity necessary to be immediately relevant for international-standard garment production.
As of mid 2015, there are approximately 8-10 industrial-scale garment washing facilities located around Yangon, most only capable of servicing their own factories and/or close partners. However, a couple new and larger facilities capable of servicing the wider industry started to open in September, 2015.
There are now also a few factories in Yangon dyeing their own yarns and fabrics.